Cosmic Catastrophe

Image result for black holes

A black hole is so dense and a pull of gravity that is literally impossible to leave, not even light can escape a black hole.

Albert Einstein thought that a black hole—a collapsed star so dense that even light could not escape its thrall—was too preposterous a notion to be real. Einstein was wrong. Black holes are the final evolutionary stage of enormous stars that are at least 5 times the mass our own sun. Black holes are very far beyond anything we know as humans and anything that we know about space and time.

Black holes are the final form or a extremely large stars that are at least five times the mass of our own star. Those types of stars, near the end of their life, expand into stars that we know as red giants. They later, right before they explode, collapse in a gigantic explosion that is then right after sucked in and then creates a black hole. It is the defining factor of time and gravity. Black holes have so much mass and gravity that they literally bends gravity and even time itself. Nothing can escape a black hole’s grasp, “They are objects of extreme density, with such strong gravitational attraction that even light cannot escape from their grasp if it comes near enough.”

The density of a black holes bends matter as it enters its event horizon, the outermost part of a black hole, that spaghettifiction takes place in which matter is stretched to its maximum potential and it destroys everything that enters the black hole. If humans would try to enter a black hole, we would be stretched from the point that is closest to the black hole that we would be stretched for miles until our atoms cannot retain form.

In a black hole there are millions upon millions of nuclear explosions happening but they are absorbed so quickly that we cannot see with our naked eye. Atoms are ripped apart that they explode and create atomic explosions. Black holes also can devour stars and their energy essentially killing the star. It can suck all of the nuclear mass out of a star and grow in size from all of the mass that it has gained from the star.

Finally, there are Huge black holes at the center every galaxy that allows that stars in our galaxy to orbit its gravitational pull. The reason we have no idea of what black holes are like is because  “Black holes are places where ordinary gravity has become so extreme that it overwhelms all other forces in the Universe. Once inside, nothing can escape a black hole’s gravity — not even light.” There is no need to be afraid of this though because that is not a black hole in our solar system that has the potential to kill us before the sun expands and overwhelms the earth. All in all, black holes are the final form of time and space. We have no idea what goes on inside of them because of the vent horizon. That is why it is called a black hole.

Works cited

Redd, Nola Taylor. “What Is a Black Hole.” What Is a Black Hole? N.p., 9 Apr. 2015. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.

“HubbleSite: Black Holes: Gravity’s Relentless Pull.” HubbleSite: Black Holes: Gravity’s Relentless Pull. N.p., 29 Mar. 2015. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.



(The universe before the big bang)

To be able to think back into time is a privilege that we have been allowed to have. But just think for a moment, what was life like before anything was created? How did the universe come to be? The answer is no bigger than a marble that you can hold in your hand.

Take a marble and just look at. You see how small it is? That was what the size of the universe was before it exploded into trillions of trillions of light years long. The universe was so condensed and compacted that it was the size of a small marble sitting in the depths of something just waiting to be able to explode from the sheer pressure of the universe. This is one theory about how the universe was created. Another theory is the god created the universe for us as humans and we were meant to survive and thrive on Earth. It is said that “most believe that God brought the universe into being from nothing some believe that it was created from matter that already existed”. I, personally, believe that the universe was the size of a marble and exploded into trillions of light years long. We cannot be sure which one is the real truth because we, as humans, are physically not able to look back that for in time. The truth is that we are only able to see with telescopes but to a certain extent. The distance in light  from the time the sun was created to today is the length that we can see into space. There hasn’t been enough time for the sun to allow us to see into the greatest depths of space. Light does travel extremely fast but is is only a small circle that we can see into space from our home planet.

(The distance we can see into space from the light of the sun.)

We can use ultraviolet light to see deeper into the depths of space but to a certain extent. Human kind has the ability to see into the past of space based off of observations from near by stars and how old they are but it is not always the most accurate way.

Some people say god created the universe for human kind to live and thrive in. Others say that when the universe “was just 10-34 of a second or so old — that is, a hundredth of a billionth of a trillionth of a trillionth of a second in age — it experienced an incredible burst of expansion known as inflation, in which space itself expanded faster than the speed of light. During this period, the universe doubled in size at least 90 times, going from subatomic-sized to golf-ball-sized almost instantaneously”. The universe is said to explode into trillions of light years long but stars were not formed until billions and billions years later. When the universe exploded it contained everything that stars would need in order the be created. Millions of different types of gases were released into the universe, some we still done even know about, and were then condensed under the right conditions to from burning stars in the deep cold depths of space. Galaxies and stars were not created right when the big bang occurred. They were formed after billions of years later when all of the released gases were under the right circumstances. Galaxies were formed from black holes, stars, and black matter combining and forming galaxies.

All in all there are many theories about how the universe was created and there are still theories that are being created but the truth is that there million upon billions of ways that the universe  can be described as being created.

Works Cited

“History of Cosmology.” History of Cosmology. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2015.

Choi, Charles Q. “Our Expanding Universe: Age, History & Other Facts |” Our

Expanding Universe: Age, History & Other Facts. N.p., 23 Jan. 2015. Web. 28 Mar. 2015.

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Should we provide the proper funds for exploring the cosmos?

(NASA Space exploration Funding)

There are countless possibilities of ways we can explore the cosmos. We can observe from the ground of our home planet or take the risk of going into space and first hand experiencing the wonders and wows of the cosmos. Many people think that exploring the outer reaches of the cosmos would be very expensive and dangerous. And the truth is that they are correct but in doing so we could find new worlds worlds that we could potentially inhabit and make it our new mother earth. We already know that at sometime our own sun will expand and will engulf the earth and life as we know it will be exterminated. We eventually will have to go out into the outer cosmos and explore to find new worlds to inhabit and re-create the civilization of earth.

I personally think that we should start funding for the exploration of space now because it will give us a lot more time to look around for different potential planets the can support the human life. We already know that the sun will eventually expand and engulf the earth in doing so so that is why we will need a new planet to call home because if we don’t life on earth as we know it will be extinguished. There are many people who think that we should start funding the space exploration system now because we will need time to evaluate the planets and learn how to inhabit them. There are also people who think that we shouldn’t start funding the space exploration system because it will be very costly and we will need the appropriate amount of funds and it will be very costly on the government and also on the citizens of the country. We do know that there is going to be the end of earth some day so, why shouldn’t we start the findings of new planets that we can discover and move to? I personally think that we should start funding the space exploration programs because we as humans on earth will need a place to move and we will need to make sure that it is okay that we move to the planet.

There is already a space launch system being built right now and it involves the creation of the Orion Space Rocket. The Orion will carry four people all the way to an asteroid and to mars where we will hopefully make some great discoveries. The NASA Orion space Rocket “crew capsule is the first spacecraft in history capable of taking humans to multiple destinations within deep space”(NASA The Orion Spacecraft). Next the Orion rocket will send the space travelers back to earth safe and sound to tell the tale of their space exploration adventures.

There is also another space investigation about a new dwarf planet Ceres.  The new discovered dwarf planet “Ceres lies in an asteroid belt between the paths of Mars and Jupiter”. (NASA)

“NASA Sees ‘Bright Spots’ On Dwarf Planet In Our Solar System.” NPR. NPR, n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2015.
Garcia, Mark. NASA. NASA, 20 Jan. 2015. Web. 26 Feb. 2015.

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cosmos calendarCosmic calendar was displayed in the T.V. show “Cosmos”. “Each month on the cosmic calendar is a equal to one billion years.” (Cosmos: Cosmic calendar)

There are so many possibilities that there could be life in the outer reaches in our solar system but we still have no idea if there is any other type of life in the universe. For all we know, there could be life forms living in the neighboring planet next to ours. Adapted to the environment, like we have, adapted to the heat and pressure, like we have, and have taken on everyday life, just like we have for thousands of years.

There have been rumors that our very own military have aliens trapped there, and not revealing to the world that there are in fact other life forms living among the stars.

All of there rumors, though; have made me think how did we come to inhabit this planet of our own? “Many generations of thinkers, both religious and scientific, have been led astray by anthropic assumptions, while others were simply led astray by ignorance.” (Sagan) There are also rumors for that. Some people think that we were placed here by god in order to create a civilization because we are god’s greatest invention. Others believe that along with the creation of the universe our planet was created in all of the explosions, destructions, and unexpected creations. Once the planet was created, life sprang from the ground up and it thrived until the society and daily life we know today.

Science, although; has a different rumor. In the creation of the universe our sun was created about 8 billion years after the “big bang”, according to the cosmic calendar. Earth was created on October 8th, according to the cosmic calendar, and it wasn’t until well after that life was also created on earth. Science says that life came to earth between the time earth was crated and 1 billion years later.

Life was said to come to earth on asteroids orbiting the sun as the earth was being created. Earth was periodically being hit by a barrage of comets and asteroids, carrying the possibility of life. Science says that bacteria on the asteroids and comets were being safely transported to earth and once earth was hit by a comet or asteroid, the comet or asteroid was broken up, some flying back out to space to orbit the sun again and eventually hit earth again or fly off into the depths of space to find a new home among the stars.

There is still no real explanation on how life really originated on earth but any of these theories could be real. “Earth is estimated to be about 4.5 billion years old, and for much of that history it has been home to life in one weird form or another.” (Ker)

What happened to the pieces of comets and asteroids that hit the earth but didn’t give off their bacteria quick enough and were sent off into the outer depths of space? Did it find any other planet and give off its possibility of life there? That could be on of the ways that life traveled from planet to planet. By hoping onto a comets and riding to a different solar system to inhabit other planets with the possibility to inhabit it.

Works Cited

“The Cosmic Calendar.” The Cosmic Calendar. National Geographic Society, n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.

Than, Ker. “Greatest Mysteries: How Did Life Arise on Earth?” LiveScience. TechMedia Network, 22 Aug. 2007. Web. 06 Dec. 2014.

Dunbar, Brian. “Search for Life on the Universe.” NASA. NASA, 30 June 2003. Web. 01 Dec. 2014.

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Entering the cosmos

Voyager 1 and 2 both carry the same gold engraved record with a collection of sights, sounds and greetings from Earth. including our coordinates in space. (NASA)

Before we go into any detail the first question on your mind might be, what is the cosmos?

The cosmos is all of space. Literally everything in space, including you, is in the cosmos. There is a cosmic calendar, including everything from the “big bang”, the second the earth was created, and even up till this very second that you are reading this blog post. Everything in history from space and time is all recorded in the cosmic calendar.

The cosmos is a complex and orderly system, such as our Universe, existing of stars, galaxies, planets, and much much more.

Cosmology is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the cosmos. There is a lot we know about space, but there is so much more that we don’t know about in the cosmos.

We as humans have landed a man on the moon, landed robots on mars, and even sent two  satellites, called Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, out into deep deep space playing the music from the past and our coordinates engraved in space. The question is, why have we spent millions upon millions of dollars to explore space? The answer is simple, yet very complex.

We have sent a satellite into deep outer space to discover new, possibly inhabitable, planets for our future generations. We also want to find out if there is any other living lifeforms living among the trillions and trillions of galaxies across our ever-expanding universe. We as “Humans are driven to explore the unknown, discover new worlds, and push the boundaries of our scientific and technical limits.”(NASA) Another reason for exploring space is that as the sun expands, and becomes a red giant, it will consume Mercury, Venus, Earth(our home), and Mars; therefore, we will have to eventually “move” from earth.

Space is our next frontier for advancements in technology and geography. In order to explore space we must make new, greater discoveries in technology to be able to travel farther, faster and at greater distances in shorter amounts of time so we can discover new solar systems and more inhabitable planets that will last us a longer wealthy life than what earth can provide for us.

Space is amazing and no one thinks about what can possibly be out there just beyond our atmosphere. No one has yet to map out what space looks like because it is always in motion and everything is changing right before our very eyes.

There is so much more about the cosmos that humans haven’t been able to consider thinking about or even comprehend. We know a lot about the cosmos but there is at least a million more things that we can discover from the security of our home planet. In order to discover even more and make new advancements in geography and technology we will have to go out of our comfort zone and discover new planets, solar systems, galaxies, and maybe, just maybe, a brand new universe, first-hand. But until then we can only wait for what will come.

Works Cited

“Why We Explore.” NASA. Ed. Jennifer Wiles. NASA, 30 Sept. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2014.

Liss, Jeffery G. “The Chicago Society for Space Studies Article – Why Explore Space.” The Chicago Society for Space Studies Article – Why Explore Space. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.